Deuteronomy 30:1-6 Moses confirms that Israel will be blessed and cursed when the Lord drives them out and scatters them among the nations. But when in exile, they will remember the Lord and return to Him, and when they do, the Lord will return to them because of His great mercy. He will gather them where they have been scattered, take them, and bring them back to the land of Israel. The Lord will make them more prosperous than ever, will circumcise their hearts, their children’s hearts, so that they will love Him with all their hearts and souls.
Notes: This future restoration and blessing of Israel would take place under the New Covenant.
Deuteronomy 30:7-20 Then the Lord will curse Israel’s enemies that persecuted them. Israel will obey the Lord by keeping his commandments, and the Lord will bless them and take delight in doing so. Moses gives them a simple choice. They don’t need to ascend to Heaven or go beyond the sea to understand what the Lord requires. The word is near them, even in their own mouths and heart so that they can obey. Moses gives them the choice of life and good, death and evil. If they obey God, God will bless them in all they do. If they disobey, they will perish and be kicked out of their land. Moses calls heaven and earth to witness against Israel that he has given them the choice between life and death, blessing and curse. Moses urges them to choose life.
Notes: They did not have to search at some point beyond the sea. The truth was there, through Moses, now in their hearts and minds. All the truth necessary for choosing to love and obey God and thus avoid disobedience and cursing, they had heard and known.
Sadly, Israel failed to respond to this call to the right choice. Choosing life or death was also emphasized by Jesus. The one who believed in him had the promise of eternal life; while the one who refused to believe faced eternal death. Every person faces this same choice.